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2011.09.09 01:43 Mr_Oppenheimer Will it play in Peoria

Anything to do with Peoria, IL and the surrounding areas. (East Peoria, Morton, Bartonville, Chillicothe, Washington, Metamora, Pekin)

2010.09.16 06:26 BlackHoleBrew Illinois Politics

A politically-neutral place for news and discussion about politics in the Land of Lincoln, with more politics than /Illinois and more Illinois than /politics.

2010.09.18 08:10 verugan Texans

Home of the Houston Texans, an American Football team located in Houston, TX

2023.05.30 05:38 Titan828 Looking for sources and or an accident report for a plane crash in Kano in 1973 which killed 176 people, making it Nigeria's worst plane crash, and at the time was the worst civilian plane crash

Hello all, ever since I can first remember I have always been fond of aviation and one passion I have is reading about plane crashes and near crashes to know what happened, why it happened and what changes were made to make the aviation industry safer.
Many years ago I happened to read the Wikipedia page about the Kano air disaster in 1973. I never thought much of it but recently I read through it and wanted to read the accident report which would give information about the background of the flight, the pilots' experience, how many people were onboard, what happened, and any recommendations made. It turns out that despite this being the worst civilian plane crash at the time with 176 fatalities, Nigeria's worst plane crash, and probably investigators from the United States (NTSB) assisted in the investigation because it was an American made plane, if an accident report was issued, it has likely been lost. I asked for any references on the aircrashinvestigation subreddit and got some additional sources but not really useful.

What happened

For anyone unfamiliar with the story, this is what I do know about the flight, some parts are just educated guesses. Early morning on January 22nd 1973, an Alia Royal Jordanian Airlines Boeing 707 was chartered by Nigeria Airways to fly 193 Muslim pilgrims from Jeddah, Saudia Arabia back home to Lagos as part of the Hajj. The 707 was just two years old at the time. There were 9 crew members onboard for a total of 202 people onboard. As far as I know there doesn't appear to be any information on what the flight number was. The Captain of the flight was 53 year old John Waterman, an American with over 22,000 hours total air time. He lived in Beirut, Lebanon with his wife and children and had been flying in the Middle East for 20 years . The remaining 8 crew members probably were the co-pilot and the flight engineer with 6 flight attendants. The airplane likely departed for Lagos at dawn and at some point during the flight the pilots received information that there was bad weather at Lagos and they had to divert to Kano, Nigeria.
According to a source I found, hot winds from the Sahara, called harmattan, a cool dry wind that blows from the northeast or east in the western Sahara, were present at Kano that morning. Large amounts of dust and sand are collected that the sky becomes hazy and visibility drastically reduces. Harmattan is the strongest from late November to mid-March. Just after 0900 local time (the plane would have been in the air for probably 4 hours by now), the pilots began their approach to Kano. On final approach they encountered the harmattan and had to go around for another attempt. On their second approach at 0930 local time, the plane touched down nose wheel first, instead of its main wheels first. The nose wheel struck a depression on the runway and collapsed. Then the right main gear collapsed, followed by the left gear: both collapses ruptured the fuel tanks. The plane then spun 180 degrees and slid off the runway. A fire then broke out which completely destroyed the airplane and only 26 people (23 passengers and 3 crew members) out of the 202 people onboard survived (One source in 1975 says that 33 people survived). Among the survivors was Captain Waterman. Since he survived the crash, it's quite likely that the co-pilot and the flight engineer also survived.
A short video of the remains of the aircraft taken later: 1973 Kano air disaster Alia Royal Jordanian Airlines Boeing 707 [JY-ADO] crash Aftermath Footage - YouTube
Two weeks after the crash the Jordanian authorities insisted that a depression in the runway was to blame while the Nigerians insisted that pilot error was the cause as Waterman had ignored orders from the tower not to land due to the strong winds.
In 1975, the Nigerian government tribunal who investigated the crash recommended that Captain Waterman be prosecuted for culpable homicide and be banned from ever flying into Nigeria again as he piloted the airplane in a reckless manner. The Nigerian government agreed with the tribunals findings. I was not able to find any information on whether Waterman was prosecuted or what happened to him afterwards. However, I have found no information on whether a depression in the runway was to blame or the nose wheel broke off because he landed the plane too hard and nose wheel first.
Getting back to my question, it looks like an investigation was conducted, but their findings were never put into an accident report and if they were they were never submitted to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
If anyone has more information about this crash or is able to find any additional sources I would love to read them.
Sources I found about the Kano Air disaster:
  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kano_air_disaster
  2. https://www.baaa-acro.com/crash/crash-boeing-707-3d3c-kano-176-killed
  3. https://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19730122-0
  4. https://content.time.com/time/subscribearticle/0,33009,906816,00.html
  5. https://www.nytimes.com/1973/01/23/archives/pilgrims-jet-crashes-in-nigeria-180-are-feared-dead-a-record-180.html
  6. https://www.nytimes.com/1975/09/18/archives/us-pilot-blamed-for-crash-that-killed-157-in-nigeria.html
Thank you
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2023.05.30 05:03 Ok-Tennis330 Jimmy Butler and Caleb Martin is Tatbum and Jaybum Brown's father

Jimmy Butler and Caleb Martin is Tatbum and Jaybum Brown's father submitted by Ok-Tennis330 to nbacirclejerk [link] [comments]

2023.05.30 04:57 bomac14 voting results

voting results submitted by bomac14 to heat [link] [comments]

2023.05.30 04:43 elbenji [Post Game Thread] The Miami Heat (4-3) stave off infamy and continue their cinderella run, defeating the Boston Celtics (3-4) at the Garden by 103 - 84 thanks to Caleb Martin's 26pts & 9rebs and advance to face the Denver Nuggets in the NBA Finals

103 - 84
Box Scores: NBA - Yahoo
Location: TD Garden (19156), Clock: Q4 :21.7
Officials: Tony Brothers, Scott Foster, and John Goble
Team Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Total
Miami Heat 22 30 24 27 103
Boston Celtics 15 26 25 18 84
Miami Heat 103 42-86 48.8% 14-28 50.0% 5-6 83.3% 7 53 26 15 7 12 2
Boston Celtics 84 32-82 39.0% 9-42 21.4% 11-13 84.6% 10 44 18 13 6 15 4
Jimmy ButlerSF 43:16 28 12-28 3-7 1-2 1 6 7 6 3 0 1 2 11
Caleb MartinPF 44:48 26 11-16 4-6 0-0 3 7 10 3 1 0 1 0 14
Bam AdebayoC 42:43 12 4-10 0-0 4-4 1 9 10 7 0 1 4 3 22
Max StrusSG 28:00 8 3-8 2-6 0-0 1 4 5 0 0 0 0 3 4
Gabe VincentPG 26:24 10 4-10 2-3 0-0 1 0 1 4 0 0 1 3 -2
Kyle Lowry 23:56 7 3-6 1-2 0-0 0 7 7 5 0 0 2 2 26
Haywood Highsmith 08:59 2 1-2 0-1 0-0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 3
Duncan Robinson 19:47 10 4-6 2-3 0-0 0 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 17
Nikola Jovic 00:08 0 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Omer Yurtseven 00:08 0 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Udonis Haslem 00:00 0 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kevin Love 00:00 0 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cody Zeller 00:00 0 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tyler Herro 00:00 0 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Victor Oladipo 00:00 0 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jaylen BrownSF 43:05 19 8-23 1-9 2-2 0 8 8 5 1 2 8 5 -17
Jayson TatumPF 41:36 14 5-13 1-4 3-4 2 9 11 4 1 0 2 2 -12
Al HorfordC 34:16 8 3-8 2-5 0-0 1 7 8 2 1 0 0 3 -10
Derrick WhiteSG 36:16 18 5-12 2-9 6-7 1 1 2 1 1 0 2 0 -7
Marcus SmartPG 35:24 9 4-10 1-6 0-0 0 2 2 4 1 0 2 1 -10
Malcolm Brogdon 07:05 0 0-3 0-2 0-0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 -15
Grant Williams 15:50 3 1-3 1-3 0-0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 -19
Robert Williams III 13:59 8 4-5 0-0 0-0 3 3 6 1 0 1 0 1 -9
Sam Hauser 03:34 2 1-3 0-2 0-0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 -1
Payton Pritchard 03:23 0 0-1 0-1 0-0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1
Luke Kornet 01:51 0 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
Mike Muscala 01:51 3 1-1 1-1 0-0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 3
Justin Champagnie 00:00 0 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Blake Griffin 00:00 0 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Danilo Gallinari 00:00 0 0-0 0-0 0-0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
rnbapgtgenerator by f1uk3r
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2023.05.30 04:14 Drty994 Power Company prt 1

I was working the night shift at Black Crescent, a dimly lit bar on the Lower East Side, when a stranger walked in. He had blond hair, a trench coat, a black shirt and a red tie. He looked like he had seen some things in his life, and not the good kind. He sat down at the counter and ordered a gin and tonic. I poured him his drink and tried to make some small talk.

"So, what brings you to this part of town?" I asked.

He looked at me with a piercing gaze and said, "My name is John. John Constantine. And I'm here to give you a warning."

I raised an eyebrow. "A warning? About what?"

He leaned in closer and lowered his voice. "The Age of Heroes is upon you. I need your help."

I almost choked on my own spit. "The Age of what? What are you talking about?"

He reached into his coat and pulled out a card and a medallion. The card had his name and a phone number on it. The medallion had the letters JLA engraved on it.

"You see this?" he said, showing me the medallion. "This stands for Justice League of America. They're a group of super-powered beings who fight for truth and justice. And they're needed, but haven't arrived in this reality."

I stared at him incredulously. "Super-powered beings? Justice League? Are you kidding me? That's comic book stuff. That's not real."

He shook his head. "Oh, it's real, mate. More real than you can imagine. And you're going to help me find them."

I laughed nervously. "Find them? Why me? What do I have to do with this?"

He smiled wryly. "You're an investigative journalist, right? You have a knack for digging up secrets and exposing corruption. Well, I need someone like you to help me track down the members of the JLA. They're about to arrive quickly, and I have a feeling that something Interesting is behind it."

I frowned. "How do you know I'm an investigative journalist?"

He winked. "I have my ways. Trust me, you're the right person for the job."

I shook my head. "No, no, no. This is crazy. I don't believe in super-heroes. And I don't want to get involved in whatever this is."

He sighed. "Look, I know this sounds insane, but it's the truth. The world is in danger, and we need to act fast. You have a choice: you can either ignore this and go back to your normal life, or you can join me and see the real world for what it is. What do you say?"

He held out his hand, waiting for my answer, and I chose to begin the search, and shook John's hand

To be continued
Part 2 is coming
submitted by Drty994 to u/Drty994 [link] [comments]

2023.05.30 04:14 Ok-Permit-8575 Jimmy

Just started season 13. Seen 14 and 9-12. I can’t believe they brought back jimmy for the East spot!?
What are your thoughts on him being brought back?
submitted by Ok-Permit-8575 to Inkmaster [link] [comments]

2023.05.30 03:45 Junior_Button5882 Spring-heeled Jack

Spring-heeled Jack
Spring-heeled Jack is an entity in English folklore of the Victorian era. The first claimed sighting of Spring-heeled Jack was in 1837.[1] Later sightings were reported all over the United Kingdom and were especially prevalent in suburban London, the Midlands) and Scotland.[2]
There are many theories about the nature and identity of Spring-heeled Jack. This urban legend was very popular in its time, due to the tales of his bizarre appearance and ability to make extraordinary leaps, to the point that he became the topic of several works of fiction.
Spring-heeled Jack was described by people who claimed to have seen him as having a terrifying and frightful appearance, with diabolical physiognomy, clawed hands, and eyes that "resembled red balls of fire". One report claimed that, beneath a black cloak, he wore a helmet and a tight-fitting white garment like an oilskin. Many stories also mention a "Devil-like" aspect. Others said he was tall and thin, with the appearance of a gentleman. Several reports mention that he could breathe out blue and white flames and that he wore sharp metallic claws at his fingertips. At least two people claimed that he was able to speak comprehensible English.




In the early 19th century, there were reports of ghosts that stalked the streets of London. These human-like figures were described as pale; it was believed that they stalked and preyed on lone pedestrians. The stories told of these figures formed part of a distinct ghost tradition in London which, some writers have argued, formed the foundation of the later legend of Spring-heeled Jack.[3]
The most important of these early entities was the Hammersmith Ghost, which in 1803 and 1804 was reported in Hammersmith on the western fringes of London; it would later reappear in 1824. Another apparition, the Southampton ghost, was also reported as assaulting individuals in the night. This particular spirit bore many of the characteristics of Spring-heeled Jack, and was reported as jumping over houses and being over 10 ft (3.0 m) tall.[3]

Early reports

📷Illustration of Spring-heeled Jack, from the serial Spring-heel'd Jack: The Terror of London
The first alleged sightings of Spring-heeled Jack were made in London in 1837 and the last reported sighting is said in most of the secondary literature to have been made in Liverpool in 1904.[4][5]
According to much later accounts, in October 1837 a girl by the name of Mary Stevens was walking to Lavender Hill, where she was working as a servant, after visiting her parents in Battersea. On her way through Clapham Common, a strange figure leapt at her from a dark alley. After immobilising her with a tight grip of his arms, he began to kiss her face, while ripping her clothes and touching her flesh with his claws, which were, according to her deposition, "cold and clammy as those of a corpse". In panic, the girl screamed, making the attacker quickly flee from the scene. The commotion brought several residents who immediately launched a search for the aggressor, but he could not be found.[6]
The next day, the leaping character is said to have chosen a very different victim near Mary Stevens' home, inaugurating a method that would reappear in later reports: he jumped in the way of a passing carriage, causing the coachman to lose control, crash, and severely injure himself. Several witnesses claimed that he escaped by jumping over a 9 ft (2.7 m) high wall while cackling with a high-pitched, ringing laughter.[6]
Gradually, the news of the strange character spread, and soon the press and the public gave him the name "Spring-heeled Jack".[7]

Official recognition

📷A public session at the Mansion House, London (c. 1840).
A few months after these first sightings, on 9 January 1838, the Lord Mayor of London, Sir John Cowan), revealed at a public session held in the Mansion House an anonymous complaint that he had received several days earlier, which he had withheld in the hope of obtaining further information. The correspondent, who signed the letter "a resident of Peckham", wrote:
It appears that some individuals (of, as the writer believes, the highest ranks of life) have laid a wager with a mischievous and foolhardy companion, that he durst not take upon himself the task of visiting many of the villages near London in three different disguises—a ghost, a bear, and a devil; and moreover, that he will not enter a gentleman's gardens for the purpose of alarming the inmates of the house. The wager has, however, been accepted, and the unmanly villain has succeeded in depriving seven ladies of their senses, two of whom are not likely to recover, but to become burdens to their families. At one house the man rang the bell, and on the servant coming to open door, this worse than brute stood in no less dreadful figure than a spectre clad most perfectly. The consequence was that the poor girl immediately swooned, and has never from that moment been in her senses. The affair has now been going on for some time, and, strange to say, the papers are still silent on the subject. The writer has reason to believe that they have the whole history at their finger-ends but, through interested motives, are induced to remain silent.[8]
Though the Lord Mayor seemed fairly sceptical, a member of the audience confirmed that "servant girls about Kensington, Hammersmith and Ealing, tell dreadful stories of this ghost or devil". The matter was reported in The Times on 9 January, other national papers on 10 January and, on the day after that, the Lord Mayor showed a crowded gathering a pile of letters from various places in and around London complaining of similar "wicked pranks". The quantity of letters that poured into the Mansion House suggests that the stories were widespread in suburban London. One writer said several young women in Hammersmith had been frightened into "dangerous fits" and some "severely wounded by a sort of claws the miscreant wore on his hands". Another correspondent claimed that in Stockwell, Brixton, Camberwell and Vauxhall several people had died of fright and others had had fits; meanwhile, another reported that the trickster had been repeatedly seen in Lewisham and Blackheath.[citation needed]
The Lord Mayor himself was in two minds about the affair: he thought "the greatest exaggerations" had been made, and that it was quite impossible "that the ghost performs the feats of a devil upon earth", but on the other hand someone he trusted had told him of a servant girl at Forest Hill who had been scared into fits by a figure in a bear's skin; he was confident the person or persons involved in this "pantomime display" would be caught and punished.[9] The police were instructed to search for the individual responsible, and rewards were offered.[citation needed]
A peculiar report from The Brighton Gazette, which appeared in the 14 April 1838 edition of The Times, related how a gardener in Rosehill, Sussex, had been terrified by a creature of unknown nature. The Times wrote that "Spring-heeled Jack has, it seems, found his way to the Sussex coast", even though the report bore little resemblance to other accounts of Jack. The incident occurred on 13 April, when it appeared to a gardener "in the shape of a bear or some other four-footed animal". Having attracted the gardener's attention by a growl, it then climbed the garden wall and ran along it on all fours, before jumping down and chasing the gardener for some time. After terrifying the gardener, the apparition scaled the wall and made its exit.[10]

Scales and Alsop reports

📷Illustration of Spring-heeled Jack, from the 1867 serial Spring-heel'd Jack: The Terror of London
Perhaps the best known of the alleged incidents involving Spring-heeled Jack were the attacks on two teenage girls, Lucy Scales and Jane Alsop. The Alsop report was widely covered by the newspapers, including a piece in The Times,[11] while fewer reports appeared in relation to the attack on Scales. The press coverage of these two attacks helped to raise the profile of Spring-heeled Jack.[citation needed]

Alsop case

Jane Alsop reported that on the night of 19 February 1838, she answered the door of her father's house to a man claiming to be a police officer, who told her to bring a light, claiming "we have caught Spring-heeled Jack here in the lane". She brought the person a candle, and noticed that he wore a large cloak. The moment she had handed him the candle, however, he threw off the cloak and "presented a most hideous and frightful appearance", vomiting blue and white flame from his mouth while his eyes resembled "red balls of fire". Miss Alsop reported that he wore a large helmet and that his clothing, which appeared to be very tight-fitting, resembled white oilskin. Without saying a word he caught hold of her and began tearing her gown with his claws which she was certain were "of some metallic substance". She screamed for help, and managed to get away from him and ran towards the house. He caught her on the steps and tore her neck and arms with his claws. She was rescued by one of her sisters, after which her assailant fled.[4][12]

Scales case

On 28 February 1838,[13] nine days after the attack on Miss Alsop, 18-year-old Lucy Scales and her sister were returning home after visiting their brother, a butcher who lived in a respectable part of Limehouse. Miss Scales stated in her deposition to the police that as she and her sister were passing along Green Dragon Alley, they observed a person standing in an angle of the passage. She was walking in front of her sister at the time, and just as she came up to the person, who was wearing a large cloak, he spurted "a quantity of blue flame" in her face, which deprived her of her sight, and so alarmed her, that she instantly dropped to the ground, and was seized with violent fits which continued for several hours.[14]
Her brother added that on the evening in question, he had heard the loud screams of one of his sisters moments after they had left his house and on running up Green Dragon Alley he found his sister Lucy on the ground in a fit, with her sister attempting to hold and support her. She was taken home, and he then learned from his other sister what had happened. She described Lucy's assailant as being of tall, thin, and gentlemanly appearance, covered in a large cloak, and carrying a small lamp or bull's eye lantern similar to those used by the police. The individual did not speak nor did he try to lay hands on them, but instead walked quickly away. Every effort was made by the police to discover the author of these and similar outrages, and several persons were questioned, but were set free.[14]


The Times reported the alleged attack on Jane Alsop on 2 March 1838 under the heading "The Late Outrage at Old Ford".[11] This was followed with an account of the trial of one Thomas Millbank, who, immediately after the reported attack on Jane Alsop, had boasted in the Morgan's Arms that he was Spring-heeled Jack. He was arrested and tried at Lambeth Street court. The arresting officer was James Lea, who had earlier arrested William Corder, the Red Barn Murderer. Millbank had been wearing white overalls and a greatcoat, which he dropped outside the house, and the candle he dropped was also found. He escaped conviction only because Jane Alsop insisted her attacker had breathed fire, and Millbank admitted he could do no such thing. Most of the other accounts were written long after the date; contemporary newspapers do not mention them.[citation needed]
📷Ad for Spring Heeled Jack, a penny dreadful (1886)
After these incidents, Spring-heeled Jack became one of the most popular characters of the period. His alleged exploits were reported in the newspapers and became the subject of several penny dreadfuls and plays performed in the cheap theatres that abounded at the time. The devil was even renamed "Spring-heeled Jack" in some Punch and Judy shows, as recounted by Henry Mayhew in his London Labour and the London Poor:
This here is Satan,-we might say the devil, but that ain't right, and gennelfolks don't like such words. He is now commonly called 'Spring-heeled Jack;' or the 'Rossian Bear,' – that's since the war. — Henry Mayhew, London Labour and the London Poor, p. 52[15]
But, even as his fame was growing, reports of Spring-heeled Jack's appearances became less frequent if more widespread. In 1843, however, a wave of sightings swept the country again. A report from Northamptonshire described him as "the very image of the Devil himself, with horns and eyes of flame", and in East Anglia reports of attacks on drivers of mail coaches became common. In July 1847 "a Spring-heeled Jack investigation" in Teignmouth, Devon led to a Captain Finch being convicted of two charges of assault against women during which he is said to have been "disguised in a skin coat, which had the appearance of bullock's hide, skullcap, horns and mask".[16] The legend was linked with the phenomenon of the "Devil's Footprints" which appeared in Devon in February 1855.[citation needed]

Last reports

In the beginning of the 1870s, Spring-heeled Jack was reported again in several places distant from each other. In November 1872, the News of the World reported that Peckham was "in a state of commotion owing to what is known as the "Peckham Ghost", a mysterious figure, quite alarming in appearance". The editorial pointed out that it was none other than "Spring-heeled Jack, who terrified a past generation".[17] Similar stories were published in The Illustrated Police News. In April and May 1873, it reported there were numerous sightings in Sheffield of the "Park Ghost", which locals also came to identify as Spring-heeled Jack.[18]


📷North Camp in Aldershot as it looked in 1866.
This news was followed by more reported sightings, until in August 1877 one of the most notable reports about Spring-heeled Jack came from a group of soldiers in Aldershot Garrison. This story went as follows: a sentry on duty at the North Camp peered into the darkness, his attention attracted by a peculiar figure "advancing towards him." The soldier issued a challenge, which went unheeded, and the figure came up beside him and delivered several slaps to his face. A guard shot at him, with no visible effect; some sources claim that the soldier may have fired blanks) at him, others that he missed or fired warning shots. The strange figure then disappeared into the surrounding darkness "with astonishing bounds."[19][20][21]
Lord Ernest Hamilton's 1922 memoir Forty Years On mentions the Aldershot appearances of Spring-heeled Jack; however, he (apparently erroneously) says that they occurred in the winter of 1879 after his regiment, the 60th Rifles, had moved to Aldershot, and that similar appearances had occurred when the regiment was barracked at Colchester in the winter of 1878. He adds that the panic became so great at Aldershot that sentries were issued ammunition and ordered to shoot "the night terror" on sight, following which the appearances ceased. Hamilton thought that the appearances were actually pranks, carried out by one of his fellow officers, a Lieutenant Alfrey.[22][23] However, there is no record of Alfrey ever being court-martialled for the offence.[24]


In the autumn of 1877, Spring-heeled Jack was reportedly seen at Newport Arch, in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, wearing a sheep skin. An angry mob supposedly chased him and cornered him, and just as in Aldershot a while before, residents fired at him to no effect. As usual, he was said to have made use of his leaping abilities to lose the crowd and disappear once again.[25]


By the end of the 19th century the reported sightings of Spring-heeled Jack were moving towards the north west of England. Around 1888, in Everton, north Liverpool, he allegedly appeared on the rooftop of Saint Francis Xavier's Church in Salisbury Street. In 1904 there were reports of appearances in nearby William Henry Street.[26]

Aftermath and impact upon Victorian popular culture

The vast urban legend built around Spring-heeled Jack influenced many aspects of Victorian life, especially in contemporary popular culture. For decades, especially in London, his name was equated with the bogeyman, as a means of scaring children into behaving by telling them if they were not good, Spring-heeled Jack would leap up and peer in at them through their bedroom windows, by night.
However, it was in fictional entertainment where the legend of Spring-heeled Jack exerted the most extensive influence, owing to his allegedly extraordinary nature. Three pamphlet publications, purportedly based on the real events, appeared almost immediately, during January and February, 1838. They were not advertised as fiction, though they likely were at least partly so. The only known copies were reported to have perished when the British Library was hit during The Blitz, but their catalog still lists the first one.
The character was written into a number of penny dreadful stories during the latter half of the 19th century, initially as a villain and then in increasingly heroic roles. By the early 1900s he was being represented as a costumed, altruistic avenger of wrongs and protector of the innocent, effectively becoming a precursor to pulp fiction and then comic book superheroes.


No one was ever caught and identified as Spring-heeled Jack; combined with the extraordinary abilities attributed to him and the very long period during which he was reportedly at large, this has led to numerous and varied theories of his nature and identity.[citation needed] While several researchers seek a normal explanation for the events, other authors explore the more fantastic details of the story to propose different kinds of paranormal speculation.[citation needed]

Sceptical positions

Sceptical investigators have dismissed the stories of Spring-heeled Jack as mass hysteria which developed around various stories of a bogeyman or devil which have been around for centuries, or from exaggerated urban myths about a man who clambered over rooftops claiming that the Devil was chasing him.[27]
📷Henry de La Poer Beresford, 3rd Marquess of Waterford (1840)
Other researchers believe that some individual(s) may have been behind its origins, being followed by imitators later on.[28] Spring-heeled Jack was widely considered not to be a supernatural creature, but rather one or more persons with a macabre sense of humour.[4] This idea matches the contents of the letter to the Lord Mayor, which accused a group of young aristocrats as the culprits, after an irresponsible wager.[4] A popular rumour circulating as early as 1840 pointed to an Irish nobleman, the Marquess of Waterford, as the main suspect.[4] Haining) suggested this may have been due to him having previously had bad experiences with women and police officers.[29]
The Marquess was frequently in the news in the late 1830s for drunken brawling, brutal jokes and vandalism, and was said to do anything for a bet; his irregular behaviour and his contempt for women earned him the title "the Mad Marquis", and it is also known that he was in the London area by the time the first incidents took place. In 1880 he was named as the perpetrator by E. Cobham Brewer, who said that the Marquess "used to amuse himself by springing on travellers unawares, to frighten them, and from time to time others have followed his silly example."[30][31] In 1842, the Marquess married and settled in Curraghmore House, County Waterford, and reportedly led an exemplary life until he died in a riding accident in 1859.[citation needed]
Sceptical investigators have asserted that the story of Spring-heeled Jack was exaggerated and altered through mass hysteria, a process in which many sociological issues may have contributed. These include unsupported rumours, superstition, oral tradition, sensationalist publications, and a folklore rich in tales of fairies and strange roguish creatures. Gossip of alleged leaping and fire-spitting powers, his alleged extraordinary features and his reputed skill in evading apprehension captured the mind of the superstitious public—increasingly so with the passing of time, which gave the impression that Spring-heeled Jack had suffered no effects from ageing. As a result, a whole urban legend was built around the character, being reflected by contemporary publications, which in turn fuelled this popular perception.[32]

Paranormal conjectures

📷Spring-heeled Jack illustrated on the cover of the 1904 serial Spring-heeled Jack
A variety of wildly speculative paranormal explanations have been proposed to explain the origin of Spring-heeled Jack, including that he was an extraterrestrial entity with a non-human appearance and features (e.g., retro-reflective red eyes, or phosphorus breath) and a superhuman agility deriving from life on a high-gravity world, with his jumping ability and strange behaviour,[33] and that he was a demon, accidentally or purposefully summoned into this world by practitioners of the occult, or who made himself manifest simply to create spiritual turmoil.[34]
Fortean authors, particularly Loren Coleman[35] and Jerome Clark,[36] list "Spring-heeled Jack" in a category named "phantom attackers", with another well-known example being the "Mad Gasser of Mattoon". Typical "phantom attackers" appear to be human, and may be perceived as prosaic criminals, but may display extraordinary abilities (as in Spring-heeled Jack's jumps, which, it is widely noted, would break the ankles of a human who replicated them) and/or cannot be caught by authorities. Victims commonly experience the "attack" in their bedrooms, homes or other seemingly secure enclosures. They may report being pinned or paralysed, or on the other hand describe a "siege" in which they fought off a persistent intruder or intruders. Many reports can readily be explained psychologically, most notably as the "Old Hag" phenomenon, recorded in folklore and recognised by psychologists as a form of hallucination. In the most problematic cases, an "attack" is witnessed by several people and substantiated by some physical evidence, but the attacker cannot be verified to exist.[citation needed]

Counterpart in Prague

A similar figure known as Pérák, the Spring Man of Prague was reported to have been seen in Czechoslovakia around 1939–1945. As writers such as Mike Dash have shown, the elusiveness and supernatural leaping abilities attributed to Pérák bear a close resemblance to those exhibited by Spring-heeled Jack, and distinct parallels can be drawn between the two entities.[28] The stories of Pérák provide a useful example of how the traits of Spring-heeled Jack have a broad cultural resonance in urban folklore. Pérák, like Spring-heeled Jack, went on to become a folklore hero, even starring in several animated superhero cartoons, fighting the SS, the earliest of which is Jiří Trnka's 1946 film Pérák a SS or Springman and the SS.[37]

In contemporary popular culture

The character of Spring-heeled Jack has been revived or referenced in a variety of 20th and 21st century media, including:
Spring-Heeled Jack (1989) – a combination prose and graphic novel by Philip Pullman in which Spring-heeled Jack saves a group of plucky orphans from the malevolent Mack the Knife.[38]
The Strange Affair of Spring-Heeled Jack (2010) – an alternate history novel by author Mark Hodder, portraying Spring-Heeled Jack as a time traveler.[39]
The Springheel Saga (2011) – a three-series audio drama produced by the Wireless Theatre Company.[40]

See also

External links

submitted by Junior_Button5882 to cryptid_world [link] [comments]

2023.05.30 03:44 Small_Bet_9433 Big Ten Programs (Legends Division + Maryland) That Have Played Teams They Have Never Beaten

I know what you're all probably thinking, "Legends and Leaders, what is wrong with you?". But hear me out! All must know of the divisions the Big Ten used from 2011 to 2013! Rutgers and Maryland joined in 2014 when they switched to the East and West divisions, so I tallied the responses from my comment on my previous post to decide who of the two would be the legend. Tomorrow Rutgers will be the leader along with Notre Dame. The year in parenthesis is the date the teams last played each other. As always if I missed any dates or matchups, please let me know!
  1. Michigan
Arizona State (0-1) (1987)
Kansas State (0-1) (2013)
Mississippi State (0-1) (2011)
Oklahoma (0-1) (1976)
Tennessee (0-1) (2002)
Texas (0-1) (2005)
TCU (0-1) (2022)
Toledo (0-1) (2008)
Wesleyan (CT) (0-1) (1883)
Cleveland AA (OH) (0-1) (1891)

  1. Michigan State
Alabama (0-2) (2015)
Army (0-2) (1984)
Auburn (0-1) (1938)
BYU (0-1) (2016)
Colorado State (0-1) (1998)
Florida State (0-2) (1988)
Georgia Tech (0-3) (1985)
Houston (0-1) (1967)
LSU (0-1) (1995)
Louisiana Tech (0-1) (2003)
Texas Tech (0-1) (2010)
Saint Louis (MO) (0-1-1) (1924)
Marietta (OH) (0-1) (1920)
Haskell Indian Nations (KS) (0-1)
Fort MacArthur (TX) (0-1) (1917)
Creighton (NE) (0-2) (1923)
Cornell (NY) (0-1) (1926)
Chicago (IL) (0-1) (1923)

  1. Minnesota
Arizona State (0-1) (1969)
Hawaii (0-1) (1997)
North Carolina State (0-1) (2000)
Notre Dame (0-4-1) (1938)
Oklahoma (0-2) (1986)
Tennessee (0-1) (1986)
Texas Tech (0-2) (2012)
Virginia (0-1) (2005)
Iowa Navy Pre-Flight (0-3) (1944)
Chicago Naval Reserve (IL) (0-1) (1918)

  1. Iowa
Colorado (0-2) (1992)
North Carolina State (0-3) (1992)
Miami (FL) (0-4) (1992)
Oklahoma (0-2) (2011)
Stanford (0-1) (2016)
Texas A&M (0-1) (1931)
Utah (0-1) (1978)
Physicians & Surgeons (IL) (0-1) (1897)
Iowa Navy Pre-Flight (0-2) (1944)
Great Lakes NTS (IL) (0-4) (1943)
Doane (NE) (0-1) (1895)
Denver AC (CO) (0-1) (1893)
Centenary (LA) (0-1) (1930)

  1. Northwestern
Akron (0-1) (2018)
Arizona (0-2) (1976)
Arizona State (0-4) (2005)
Arkansas (0-1) (1981)
Florida (0-2) (1966)
North Carolina (0-2) (1977)
Southern Cal (0-5) (1995)
Tennessee (0-2) (2015)
Texas A&M (0-1) (2011)
Texas Tech (0-1) (2010)
Washington (0-3) (1984)
New Hampshire (0-1) (2006)
Iowa Navy Pre-Flight (0-1) (1942)
Harvard Prep School (IL) (0-1) (1886)
Denver AC (CO) (0-1) (1893)
Chicago University Football Club (IL) (0-2) (1890)
Chicago Naval Reserve (IL) (0-1) (1918)
Carlisle Indian School (PA) (0-1) (1903)

  1. Nebraska
Arkansas (0-1) (1964)
BYU (0-1) (2015)
Duke (0-1) (1954)
Georgia Tech (0-1) (1990)
Georgia Southern (0-1) (2022)
Houston (0-1) (1979)
Ole Miss (0-1) (2002)
Stanford (0-1) (1940)
Southern Cal (0-4-1) (2014)
Saint Louis (MO) (0-1) (1907)
Iowa Navy Pre-Flight (0-1) (1942)
Carlisle Indian School (PA) (0-1) (1908)
Camp Dodge (IA) (0-1) (1918)
Butte AC (MT) (0-2) (1896)

  1. Maryland
Houston (0-1) (1977)
Miami (OH) (0-1) (1969)
Marshall (0-1) (2013)
Nebraska (0-2) (2019)
Notre Dame (0-2) (2011)
Ohio State (0-8) (2022)
Oklahoma (0-4) (1967)
Oregon State (0-1) (2007)
Stanford (0-1) (2014)
Texas A&M (0-2) (1958)
Washington (0-1) (1982)
Wisconsin (0-4) (2022)
Walbrook AC (MD) (0-1) (1901)
Swarthmore (PA) (0-1) (1919)
Princeton (NJ) (0-2) (1922)
Mount Washington AC (MD) (0-1) (1906)
Haverford (PA) (0-2) (1916)
Gibraltar AC (DC) (0-1) (1900)
Gallaudet JV (DC) (0-1) (1898)
Curtis Bay Coast Guard (MD) (0-1) (1943)
Columbia AC (DC) (0-1) (1894)
Chicago (IL) (0-1) (1926)
Chemical Warfare Service (DC) (0-1) (1918)
Carnegie Mellon (PA) (0-1) (1921)
Baltimore Medical College (MD) (0-1) (1897)
Alexandria Episcopal HS (VA) (0-4) (1900)
*Don't sleep on Iowa Navy Pre-Flight!
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2023.05.30 03:29 MSAPW Face to the Mat 2015 Roster: Fictional Names and Their Real Life Wrestlers

  1. AJ Lee/A-C Lee
  2. AJ Styles/A.J. Stoles
  3. AR Fox/A.R. Fixx
  4. Abyss/Crevasse
  5. Adam Cole/Adam Cool
  6. Adam Pearce/Alex Pierce
  7. Adam Rose/Allyn Rolls
  8. Adrian Neville/Neville Dunham
  9. Alberto Del Rio/Alberto Del Sol
  10. Alex Shelley/Alex Tenafly
  11. Alicia Fox/Alicia Vixen
  12. Angelina Love/Angelia Crush
  13. Arrick Andrews/Aron Andrews
  14. Austin Aries/Austin Marts
  15. Bad News Barrett/Bad News Barrie
  16. Barbi Hayden/Barni Bunting
  17. Baron Corbin/Barry Corwin
  18. Batista/Baptiste
  19. Biff Busick/Biff Barona
  20. Big E/Big T
  21. Bo Dallas/Dallas Beauregard
  22. Bobby Roode/Bobby Rule
  23. Brandt/Bram
  24. Bray Watts/Bray Wyatt
  25. Brie Bella Bree Bonnie
  26. Brittany Beritt/Ceritt
  27. Brock LesnaBick Leshour
  28. Brooke TessmacheBrooke Fessmeyer
  29. Bull Dempsey/Bull Driscoll
  30. Bully Ray/Beulah Roy
  31. Byron Wilcott/Bryon Wescott
  32. Cameron/Chelsea
  33. Cesaro/Cabesse
  34. Cheerleader Melissa/Cheerleader Marie
  35. Christopher Daniels/Christopher Dennis
  36. Chris Hero/Chris Icon
  37. Chris Jericho/Chris Babylon
  38. Chris Melendez/Chris Gutierrez
  39. Chris Richards/Chris Robbins
  40. Chris Sabin/Chris Lewellyn
  41. Christian/Criswell
  42. C.J. ParkeC. R. Maloney
  43. Colt Cabana/Curt Corona
  44. Corey Graves/Corey Gore
  45. Crazzy Steve/Crazy Ray
  46. Curtis Axel/Chris Exner
  47. Damien Mizdow/Damien Topper
  48. Daniel Bryan/Daniel Berent
  49. Darren Young/Darren Yost
  50. Davey Richards/Daly Richards
  51. Dean Ambrose/Deke Ambra
  52. Devon/Deron
  53. DJ Z/DJ X
  54. Dolph ZiggleDolf Signall
  55. Drew Gulak/Dru Gulag
  56. Eddie Edwards/Eddie Ellis
  57. Emma/Emmelyn
  58. Enzo Amore/Enzo Ferenzi
  59. Eric Young/Eric Shelton
  60. Erick Rowan/Ear Ache Ryan
  61. Ethan Carter III/Enos Carver IV
  62. Eva Marie/Eve Marella
  63. Fandango/Fernando
  64. Frankie Kazarian/Franky Fournier
  65. Gail Kim/Girl Kym
  66. Goldust/Gold Sprinkle
  67. GunneGunn Grabner
  68. Havok/Hella Goode
  69. Heath SlateHeath Treater
  70. Hideo Itami/Hanaki Otami
  71. Homicide/Henson Murder
  72. Jack SwaggeJack Bluster
  73. James Storm/Jay Thunder
  74. Jax Dane/Jack Dillon
  75. Jay Briscoe/Jimmy J Pyle
  76. Jay Lethal/Jon Deadly
  77. Jeff Hardy/Jeff Pardee
  78. Jeremiah Plenkett/Jeremiah Bodine
  79. Jessie Godderz/Jimi Venturi
  80. Jey Uso/Jet Usa
  81. Jimmy Jacobs/Jerry Jacoby
  82. Jimmy Uso/Jonny Usa
  83. John Cena/John Kentt
  84. Johnny Gargano/Joey cuozzo
  85. Justin Gabriel/Jasen Gruver
  86. Kalisto/Kuracho
  87. Kane/Koyle
  88. Kellie SkateKerrie Kkyler
  89. Kenny King/Kevyn King
  90. Kevin Steen/Kenny Guerre
  91. King Mo/King Ned
  92. Knux/Knox
  93. Kofi Kingston/Keffi Montego
  94. KonnoKenner
  95. Kurt Angle/Kurt Engel
  96. Kyle O'Reilly/Keogh Riley
  97. Lashley/Lash Lockley
  98. Layla/Lola
  99. Lou Marconi/Lou Costello
  100. Low Ki/Lemon Lee
  101. Lufisto/Lucy Fisteaux
  102. Luke HarpeLuke Harder
  103. Madison Rayne/Madison Roone
  104. Magnus/Magna Garth
  105. Manik/Manis Humanis
  106. Mark Briscoe/Mark Pyle
  107. Mark Henry/Mark Hercules
  108. Masato Tanaka/Mikodo Tanaki
  109. Matt Cross/Matt Crux
  110. Matt Hardy/Matt Pardee
  111. Matt Jackson/Match Jetson
  112. Matt Taven/Matt Tavish
  113. Michael Bennett/Michael Burke
  114. Michael Elgin/Michael Glennie
  115. MVP/Me The VP
  116. Mr. Anderson/Mr. Henderson
  117. Naomi/Nanci
  118. Natalya/Nestorenka
  119. Nick Jackson/Nick Jetson
  120. Nicole Matthews/Nikki Maynor
  121. Nikki Bella/Nikki Nonnie
  122. Paige/Peggy
  123. Portia Perez/Precioso Perez
  124. Finn BaloPerkus McFee
  125. R-Truth/R Teller
  126. Randy Orton/Randy Orwell
  127. Rebel/Renegade
  128. Rey Mysterio/Ramon Paso
  129. Rhyno/Ryno Rossi
  130. Rob Conway/Rod Connor
  131. Rob Van Dam/Rob Van Zander
  132. Robbie E/Robby G
  133. Rockstar Spud/Rocko Mini
  134. Rocky Romero/Ricky Romeo
  135. Roderick Strong/Roger Boulware
  136. Roman Reigns/Roland Rayne
  137. Rosa Mendes/Rita Melendez
  138. Rusev/Ruslan
  139. Ryback/Rhodaback
  140. Sami Zayn/Sean Zahn
  141. Samoa Joe/Samoa Noah
  142. Samuel Shaw/Shawn Samuels
  143. Seth Rollins/Seth Rolendo
  144. Shark Boy/Shark Lo Parca
  145. Sheamus/Shanigan
  146. Sin Cara/Sin Cara
  147. Stardust/Silver Sprinkle
  148. Summer Rae/Solstice Mae
  149. Taryn Terrell/Trina Tyrrell
  150. Big Show/The Big Time
  151. The Freak/The Reject
  152. The Great Khali/The Great Ganesh
  153. The Great Sanada/The Great Yamada
  154. The Miz/The Biz
  155. The Rock/The Legend
  156. The UndertakeThe Mortician
  157. Titus O'Neil/Tiberius O’Neal
  158. Tomoka Nakagawa/Maeko Matsumura
  159. Triple H/Triple G
  160. Tyler Breeze/Taylor Wynn
  161. Tyson Kidd/Tyson Childs
  162. Velvet Sky/Velvet Wind
  163. ViktoVladimir
  164. William Regal/William Royal
  165. Xavier Woods/Xavier Ocean
  166. Zack RydeZack Roper
Bold wrestlers are still active in the 2023 WAF roster. As soon as the 2015 roster was fictionalized to the WAF they took a life of their own. It is very interesting to see these artifacts in new sets.
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2023.05.30 03:22 cloudy215 WTH is happening with the points

WTH is happening with the points submitted by cloudy215 to bostonceltics [link] [comments]

2023.05.30 03:05 Yme44 No quite sure if this is a reg thing or not but shout out to Jimmy John’s giving a bacon treat to the puppers

No quite sure if this is a reg thing or not but shout out to Jimmy John’s giving a bacon treat to the puppers submitted by Yme44 to Boxer [link] [comments]

2023.05.30 02:18 Temporary_Calendar95 New to town!

Hi hi! I moved to Aurora- Peoria and Cornell area/Dam East after many years in Capitol Hill. I bought a condo and I’m super stoked to be here. While not at all far from where I moved from, it’s a new scene. What are your favorite restaurants, parks, bars etc? Hit me with all the good places and things por favor. I’ve long loved the Korean bbq spots and other great ethnic restaurants and stores nearby. I’m essentially walking distance to A Bit Twisted brewpub and already dig it. Many thanks!
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2023.05.30 02:05 stevie_j Diamonds Are Forever

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2023.05.30 01:06 ItsMrColeslaw [USA-MS][H] Assorted Hardcovers and OHC [W] PayPal

I'm making some room in my office and have decided to sell my collection of hardcover collections and oversized volumes. Happy to send more pics if needed. Prices include shipping.
Timestamped Pic: https://imgur.com/a/ut3hw5r
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2023.05.30 00:36 Neuro_88 IL [29 May 2023]: Peoria police say six shot in two separate incidents over weekend

IL [29 May 2023]: Peoria police say six shot in two separate incidents over weekend submitted by Neuro_88 to usmassshootings [link] [comments]

2023.05.30 00:29 Twelve-fingers Books read in May (14-20)

Books read in May (14-20) submitted by Twelve-fingers to 52book [link] [comments]

2023.05.30 00:25 Illustrious_Bed_6174 Wtf it is true 💀💀 ?

Wtf it is true 💀💀 ? submitted by Illustrious_Bed_6174 to DuvalCounty [link] [comments]

2023.05.29 23:42 TheAngryObserver Angry Observation: it's not the economy anymore, stupid

Given Democrats’ all-out assault on traditional values and the American way of life, a single-minded focus on the economy—especially at the expense of major social and cultural issues at top of mind for many Americans—isn’t the winning strategy some Republicans might believe.
For much of the last year, no cultural issues have dominated the political airwaves more than the rise of Critical Race Theory (CRT) and gender ideology in K-12 education. Virginia Governor Glenn Youngkin’s victory last November [...] should serve as a clear sign for conservative candidates everywhere not to hide from the culture wars, but rather to embrace them.
- Seamus Brennan, May 12, 2022
Oftentimes, there are long political traditions that have been dead for years but continue shambling to the frontlines like reanimated corpses, only to be exposed as frauds. Politics doesn't listen to tradition. My favorite example of this is Professor Helmut Norpoth's Primary Model, which basically predicts Presidential elections based on who had the harder time in the primary.
Obviously, this model heavily favors incumbents, who are generally not challenged. It hedges by saying that an incumbent who is facing issues in the primary is in serious trouble. Indeed, it has a fair track record. When George H. W. Bush was rattled in the primary by Pat Buchanan, it was a sign that his tax increases would ultimately come back to bite him. Jimmy Carter's near-defeat to Ted Kennedy foreshadowed that liberals would ultimately defect to moderate Republican John Anderson.
The model gave Donald Trump a 91% chance of winning in 2020, and we all know how that turned out. Political realities change, and sometimes strong predictors for who is going to win are either incidental or outdated. Or both.
Let's keep in mind a tale of two midterms: in 2018 and in 2022, the incumbent President was unpopular and held a trifecta, having passed parts of his agenda but not others. Tradition dictated he was in for an ass-whooping in the midterm.
But the actual picture was far more complex. While Republicans lost the House in 2018 and the year is generally characterized as a blue wave, they actually gained in the Senate. Against all odds, too. Polls showed Missouri and Indiana as pretty close, even blue-leaning, races. Mississippi and Tennessee were supposed to be super competitive. But even as Democrats triumphed nationally, Republicans redoubled their totals with the base and even managed to gain in the Senate.
The Democrats' surprise 2022 overperformance was much more dramatic. Republicans, frankly, got whooped considering the circumstances. Every single incumbent Democrat Senator held on, and one seat, Pennsylvania, flipped despite polls giving Republican Mehmet Oz a lead going into election day. Democrats came very close to winning two seats they'd written off, North Carolina and Wisconsin. Lofty Republican ambitions in New Hampshire, Washington, and Colorado went up in smoke.
What's interesting about both of these elections is that there's one very important thing that doesn't make sense: the economy. Biden and Trump were both unpopular, but things were pretty good when Trump was President. In fact, with the exception of Bill Clinton, it's difficult to imagine any President that was dealt as good of a hand as Trump after World War Two. Under Trump, the economy was better than ever, and it remains the backbone of his electoral strength. Biden, meanwhile, had one of the more difficult terms in recent history. He broke several records when it came to disapproval, at one point being further in the toilet than his predecessor.
The Presidential elections were interesting, too. In 2016, President Obama was just generally popular and the economy was mostly on the right track. However, it was here that Donald Trump managed a huge overperformance that ultimately swept him to the Presidency. True, it is not unheard of for an incumbent party to fumble the ball and narrowly lose to an outsider (2000), but it's certainly rare. Then in 2020, when the country was at the most miserable and leaderless point in recent history, Trump overperformed again and nearly kept the Presidency.
So why did Trump overperform when Obama was popular, get whooped outside of his base when he was in charge and managing an economy most people were begrudgingly pleased with, and then noticeably overperform while having the worst hand of any incumbent since Herbert Hoover? And why did Biden, a well-known, establishment politician, underperform when all the stars had aligned for him but proved surprisingly resilient when everything was against him?
I think the answer is that it's really not about the economy anymore, or at least that the economy occupies a much smaller place in voters' minds than it used to. Another interpretation would be that the economy is now seen largely through a partisan lense-- by which I mean, the Democrats' (they're usually on the ass-end of economy questions these days) dissatisfaction with Biden's economy won't stop them from voting, and even if they are begrudgingly pleased with Trump's economy they'll still vote against him.
A consequence of this is that wave elections are over. In 2010, Obama had a trifecta and entered office with high expectations. However, key parts of his agenda flopped, and in the worst way possible. He managed to trigger the right while deflating his own base. In the 2010 midterms, the right turned out in full force, the left stayed home, and the center figured they weren't happy with the way things were so they might as well give the opposition a shot. Even states like Hawaii and Massachusetts saw breakout Republican success. This is basically the anatomy of a wave election before everything changed, thanks to Trump, and I doubt we're going back.
The matter is of particular importance because right now Trump is the overwhelming favorite to win the Republican nomination. We will get the 2024 election nobody wanted-- a rematch.
In 2020, Trump held an absolutely terrible hand. He attracted withering criticism from many sides due to his response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and conventional wisdom dictated that nice moderate Joe Biden would win just on virtue of that alone. The COVID-19 pandemic and the ensuing economic crash had theoretically robbed Trump of the one thing he could actually tout, and that was an America where he hadn't managed to break anything. The nice, unifying Joe Biden was supposed to sweep him away in an election that resembled 1980, 1992, or 1932. At the end of the day it looked quite a bit more like 1948. Trump ran a bitter, divisive, unpresidential campaign to the fiery end, rallying his base and throwing crude but workable talking points to the suburbanites. He was narrowly edged out after a week of vote-counting in a few key states.
The fact of the matter is, "cultural" issues and a healthy dose of partisanship have at least partially supplanted the economy. At least partially, Trump kept his strength with economy voters because it was impossible to blame him for the country closing down. In 2010, many voters might've abandoned President Obama because he hadn't brought the prosperity he'd promised. In 2020, many voters toughed it out with Trump because (for better or for worse) they were too partisan to blame him for the country's ills. Democrats were destined to do a lot better in 2022 than in 2010 just on this virtue alone. The public now sees not voting like letting cancer win because your doctor didn't cure it in time.
Similarly, culture issues are eclipsing the economy in importance. In 2018, the Trump Administration's shenanigans mostly dictated which way the country voted. Republicans enjoyed miniature waves in a lot of red states, and got absolutely buried in purple and blue states. Similarly, in 2022, when the main issues were Trump's ongoing attempts to subvert the electoral process and red states banning abortion, Democrats were surprisingly resilient. But in solid blue states where those concerns were distant, cultural issues like crime gave Republicans surprise gains. The most infamous was New York, but Republicans also took the House because of strength in states like California and Oregon.
I'm going to close this post by saying that we'll be entering 2024 with the roles basically reversed-- Biden will be the divisive, unpopular incumbent overseeing a shitty America. Trump will be the guy on the outside talking a big game with no real suggestions and banking on dissatisfaction winning out. I had friends tell me the Democrats' 2022 messaging was just January 6th and abortion, and the general expectation (myself included) was that nobody would care about Lake's open declarations that she would overturn the 2024 election if Biden won it, or that abortion really wouldn't weigh on the Wisconsin Republicans.
2024 will be a bitterly partisan race where people will indeed care. If the Republicans nominate Donald Trump, people will care. They will blow yet another perfectly winnable race and hand a desperately unpopular President another term.
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2023.05.29 23:29 Triple_Hache Clarified qualifiers for this week-end

Clarified qualifiers for this week-end submitted by Triple_Hache to rugbyunion [link] [comments]

2023.05.29 22:50 London-Roma-1980 NON CONFERENCE MATCHDAY 10 RESULTS

Strap in, everyone, because we have a long road ahead of us. In addition to the NINE games between Top 25 teams, FOUR upsets happened. That's right, the Top 25 was below .500 in its entirety today. So let's see how they did it.
#1 UCLA 90, #9 Syracuse 79. The key to beating a 2-3 zone is to shoot over it. Fortunately for the Bruins, they can.
Reggie Miller had 25 points and led an onslaught that included 13 three-pointers as the Bruins (10-0) took out the Orange (8-2) to maintain their winning streak, now at 47 games and counting.
"The shots were falling tonight," Miller said after the game. "We got what we wanted in terms of looks, and we got them to go in."
In addition to Miller's 5 three-pointers, Russell Westbrook had 3, Kiki Vandeweghe had 2, and Gail Goodrich, Kevin Love, and Jrue Holiday each had one. Syracuse, for their part, shot well, with Carmelo Anthony hitting six threes on his own to get to 22 total points, but it wasn't enough.
"They're #1 for a reason," Orange coach Jim Boeheim said.
#8 Michigan 68, #4 Duke 61. The Power Five have been cracked.
Michigan's defense held Duke to 29% shooting and Juwan Howard led the way with 16 points as the Wolverines (9-1) stunned the Blue Devils (8-2) before a court-storming crowd at Michigan Court.
"This is why you play the game," Howard said amidst a crowd of fans. "We shook up the world tonight. We wanted this one. You beat Duke, you've done good!"
Grant Hill led the Devils with 13 points, but the entire team struggled.
"We were cold tonight," Hill said. "Props to Michigan; their defense smothered us. Not much you can do."
#3 Kentucky 67, #2 North Carolina 64. Who do you call on when you have everyone? Someone's bound to be open, and such was the case here.
Louie Dampier found Devin Booker in the corner as time expired, and the Wildcats (9-1) stunned the Tar Heels (8-2) to send them to their second last-second defeat of the non-conference season.
"We ran a pick and roll off the ball to get [Michael] Jordan off of me and get me open," Booker said, recounting the final play. "Louie knew where I was, he got the pass off after driving for the double... everything just fell into place."
Both teams turned up the defense in this one. Dan Issel led Kentucky with 15 points, while Jordan led North Carolina with 13. Outside shooting was particularly hard to go by, as Booker's winner was only the fifth three-pointer of the game combined.
"We did almost everything right," Tar Heels coach Dean Smith said after the game. "Almost."
#5 Kansas 75, #14 Arizona 59. The top teams have shown anyone can step up at any time. Kansas proved it tonight.
Kirk Hinrich caught fire, getting 20 points with five three-pointers, as the Jayhawks (9-1) knocked off the Wildcats (7-3) to produce a potential future matchup with Kentucky.
"We've been seeing how other teams have done," Hinrich said. "It's important we keep winning. We want that last one seed when the dust settles."
Mike Bibby had 15 points, but also committed 8 turnovers as JoJo White's defense proved to be too much for him.
"I had a bad day," Bibby admitted. "This loss is on me."
Arkansas 90, #23 Iowa 83. Are they going to be ranked now? It's not certain what else has to be done.
Joe Johnson went off for 24 points and the full-court pressure held Fred Brown to 5 points as the Razorbacks (8-2) pulled off their second straight top-25 upset, this time knocking off the Hawkeyes (7-3).
"We're just going to keep playing the way we're capable of and we'll be in good shape," Johnson said. "We got off to a slow start, but now we're showing the world what we're capable of."
Don Nelson led the Hawkeyes with 18 points.
#12 Connecticut 92, #21 Alabama 80. A quick rise to the top by the Tide made people wonder if the SEC would have a wild race. Now, it looks like this Tide is receding.
Andre Drummond had 19 points and 15 rebounds to lead the Huskies (8-2) to a big road win over the Tide (7-3) that may solidify them as favorites in the Big East.
"We had an advantage inside, and we knew we could use it," Huskies coach Jim Calhoun said after the game. "We needed this win, you know? A chance to show the Big East still goes through us."
Alabama attempted to turn up the pace against the big men of Connecticut, but Kemba Walker and Ray Allen were able to break the press on offense. On defense, super sub Richard Hamilton helped slow down the opposition, getting 4 steals in the second half.
Latrell Sprewell led the Tide with 18 points.
#9 Notre Dame 67, #17 DePaul 65, OT. Most of the game was a battle inside. But it was outside shooting from a very unlikely source that won the game.
John Paxson hit two three-pointers late in overtime to lead the Fighting Irish (8-2) to an overtime victory over the Blue Demons (7-3).
"All of our players can contribute," coach Digger Phelps told reporters after the game. "We hear a lot about Adrian Dantley and Bill Laimbeer, but we're a team of stars. We feel we can beat anyone."
With the game tied at 58 nearing the end of regulation, George Mikan looked to have won the game with a hook shot. However, before he could shoot, he was whistled for a three-second violation. Paxson's heroics in overtime then meant the difference.
"I lost track of time," a dejected Mikan said in the locker room. "I'm sorry, Blue Demon fans."
#25 Illinois 66, #19 Georgetown 56. Illinois coach Lou Henson wanted to focus on defense as much as offense. It's safe to say his team was ready to respond.
A focused effort held Allen Iverson scoreless on the day as the Illini (8-2) stunned the Hoyas (7-3) in a defensive struggle with neither team able to get open shots most of the day.
"That's what I was hoping for," Henson said after the game. "We wanted to get our defensive strength before we faced teams like Ohio State, Michigan, Michigan State, Minnesota... I think today we showed we can win ugly as well as win beautifully."
Derek Harper, who led all scorers with 17 points, was the primary responsibility, but Iverson found himself constantly double-teamed with Donnie Freeman and Deron Williams. While Iverson did wind up with 9 assists, the shutout clearly bothered him, as he picked up a late technical foul arguing a no-call.
"We need to work on getting Allen involved more," Hoyas coach John Thompson admitted. "You can't just win inside in this game."
Cincinnati 81, #18 LSU 60. Maybe the adjustment from the AAC to the Big XII will be easier than we were led to believe.
Oscar Robertson had a triple-double with 13 points, 11 rebounds, and 12 assists, while Jack Twyman had 21 points as the Bearcats (8-2) stunned everyone by trouncing the Tigers (7-3) in front of the Cats' home fans.
"That was an incredible win," Bearcats coach Ed Jucker said after the game. "They kept talking about their starting five, but today we showed you need a lot of depth to get anywhere. We got that depth and we got a chance to win it all. I hope Kansas is paying attention -- they're not sweeping us this season."
Defense also proved to be a big deal. Robertson and Nick Van Exel constantly switched off on Pete Maravich, holding the scoring machine to only 8 points on the day. Bob Pettit was able to take some advantage to score 17 points, but the Tigers had no help from the bench, as the Cats' bench outscored the Tigers' reserves 21-3.
"Gotta be more than the first five," center Shaquille O'Neal said after the game. "We can only do so much and if one of us is in trouble, we gotta get stepping up."
#15 Southern Cal 78, #16 Maryland 55. Don't sleep on the Trojans now. When they're going against teams in the second and third tier, they are deadly.
Bill Sharman led all scorers with 24 points as the Trojans (8-2) steamrolled the Terrapins (7-3) to make a statement about their goals for this season.
"We think we can steal a Final Four spot," coach Sam Barry said after the game. "Today proved we have the talent to do it. If the shots fall, we can beat anyone."
Gene Shue led the Terrapins with 13 points.
#6 Michigan State 61, #13 Texas 60. The Longhorns seem to be willing to live and die by Kevin Durant. The Spartans knew it when it mattered.
Draymond Green knocked away a pass intended for Durant on the final play of the game to preserve a victory for the Spartans (8-2) over the Longhorns (7-3) on the road in a critical matchup.
"We saw where they were going, we knew they had one big star and if we denied him, we didn't think anyone else could step up," Green said after the game. "I know how to beat Durant, we know how to win the game, and we're just that good."
Magic Johnson had 14 points and 7 assists to lead the Spartans. Durant, for his part, led all scorers with 21 points, but couldn't get the last two, as Avery Bradley's inbound was knocked away.
"Close isn't good enough in crunch time," Durant said to reporters.
NC State 74, #20 Minnesota 65. Last year, the Wolfpack were controversially sent to the NIT despite going 18-14 in the toughest schedule in the country. If they keep winning, they may take it out of the committee's hands when all is said and done.
JJ Hickson had 5 blocks of Kevin McHale on the day and David Thompson scored 20 as the Wolfpack (8-2) stunned the Golden Gophers (7-3) to pick up a road win.
"We deserve to be ranked, and we deserve to be in the [NIBL] tournament," Thompson said after the game. "We've said all year our goal is to be undeniable. If we qualify for selection, we're going to make sure they have to take us. That means winning a lot in non-con, and that's what we're doing."
With Thompson driving and causing collapses of the defense, the outside shooters also had their chances. Spud Webb and Tom Gugliotta hit three three-pointers each over the Gopher defense.
"This was a bad day," said McHale, who despite being blocked led the Gophers with 14 points.
Villanova 79, #24 UNLV 78. Villanova likes to play slower, while UNLV likes to speed it up. Villanova, it turned out, did just enough to keep the Rebels from getting the win.
Randy Foye had 20 points and Kyle Lowry blocked Ricky Sobers' last second putback attempt as the Wildcats (8-2) held off the Runnin' Rebels (6-4) to most likely knock the last mid-major out of the Top 25.
"Our backcourt carried this one," Villanova coach Jay Wright said after the game. "We wanted to show that Paul [Arizin] had backup, and that's what we were able to get. Everyone played their role, and we kept this team -- a very good offensive team -- to just enough to take the win.
On the final play, Sobers inbounded to leading scorer Shawn Marion (18 points). His three pointer was off the mark, and in the scramble, Sobers got the loose ball. He tried a quick shot to beat the horn, but Lowry was ready.
  1. UCLA 90, 7. Syracuse 79
  2. North Carolina 64, 3. Kentucky 67
  3. Kentucky 67, 2. North Carolina 64
  4. Duke 61, 8. Michigan 68
  5. Kansas 75, 14. Arizona 59
  6. Michigan State 61, 13. Texas 60
  7. Syracuse 79, 1. UCLA 90
  8. Michigan 68, 4. Duke 61
  9. Notre Dame 67, 17. DePaul 65, OT
  10. Indiana 83, Louisiana Tech 57
  11. Ohio State 87, Saint John's 59
  12. Connecticut 92, 21. Alabama 80
  13. Texas 60, 6. Michigan State 61
  14. Arizona 59, 5. Kansas 75
  15. Southern Cal 78, 16. Maryland 55
  16. Maryland 55, 15. Southern Cal 78
  17. DePaul 65, 9. Notre Dame 67, OT
  18. LSU 60, Cincinnati 81
  19. Georgetown 56, 25. Illinois 66
  20. Minnesota 65, NC State 74
  21. Alabama 80, 12. Connecticut 92
  22. Florida 63, California 60
  23. Iowa 83, Arkansas 90
  24. UNLV 78, Villanova 79
  25. Illinois 66, 19. Georgetown 56
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2023.05.29 22:49 toxicbitcx My life should not be threatened for $18 an hour.

I loved my job and I'm sad that I had to quit. All names are made up but are based off of real people and it was a 24hr store where I worked.
I started CVS back in November 2022 as Pharmacy Technician, getting paid $18.00 an hour in the East Coast. I was 19(FTM) living with my partner in the state over from where I was hired. It wasn't too much of a drive, just 25 minutes. My coworkers were the kindest, and so were many customers...
At the time we were under Jane Doe's care as she was the pharmacy manager. She hired about three other technicians who started before me, all hired for Full-Time. Jane planned on leaving CVS so she hired a pseudo-manager who worked for CVS prior to his other job, John Doe.
My interview was held upstairs in the storage closet while sitting on a cooler and Jane Doe sitting on a case of Monster, so I don't know what I expected, lol. I was warned in the interview that customers could get very upset, and I told her I understood what I was getting into and that I'm thick-skinned (which I very much am.)
Fast forward a month or so and I'm working about 25-30hours a week, alongside being a part-time package handler at a facility for the holidays for some extra money. I was also a student during this time.
The first time I cried at my job was in December. A customer and her partner came in at 10pm being inappropriate with her and her husband making jokes about how they're gonna do sexual stuff to each other later while I was trying to get her insulin out of QT... It ended up resulting in the wife asking if I was queer, to which I said I'm in a queer relationship. She then asked if I was trans and that she could tell I was before I could even say anything. I was not out to my coworkers as FTM (at the time there was only the Pharmacist and another tech there) and this made me very upset to be outed in this way at my place of work. I am a very cis-passing person (not that it really matters), so I wanted to stay stealth at this job. It was my first job fully identifying as a man, as I had Top Surgery in August and have been on testosterone for a few years.
I wanted to just be seen as a man and keep my personal life at home, not at work.
Having this be the worst experience I've had, I ended up crying in the bathroom and taking my 30 minute break right then and there. This being said, nothing else working at CVS had phased me up until these past three months.
Being the only buff kind of guy at my job, it was my duty to be the bouncer. I would kick people out of they were being inappropriate, rude, or straight up unprofessional. This one customer threatened to key my car, while another customer had threatened to shoot me on two separate occasions. I came home crying to my partner about these instances. For $18 an hour, my life should not be threatened.
I talked to my lead pharmacy tech about this at the time, but there was nothing that could be done because nothing happened. I used to be a manager prior to this job, so hearing this didn't make any sense to me. My last job would take action immediately, regardless if it happened or not because it was a threat. I should've gone to HR, but I know personally CVS HR does not care unless a Lead PT or a Pharmacist calls it in.
I grew to hate my job after this because I was scared. I used to love going in, helping to fill prescriptions and helping families out with their medications. I would cut out the company stickers that were given to us so it'd just be the smiley face without the "customers like you make us happy" shit on it. My favorite ones were the little bear stickers that said "We hope you feel better!" to give out to the kids. I'd let them choose, too! Or the really sweet older ladies who would come in a give me treats from the Costco to try through drive-thru, lol.
My hours started to get cut, and so would my coworkers. Once Jane Doe left, John Doe finally came in. He did make many things better, but with the company-wide hourly cut, it became ridiculous. I started with 25-30hour weeks, then got down to only 14 hour weeks, with coworkers (who weren't the lead PT or Pharm on duty) calling me in to help. Saturdays were the worst because it was just me, another tech, and a pharmacist who usually didn't work at that store. We would get so busy and it would stress me out so much but there was never any extra help.
This ended up with my pharmacist suggesting I travel around for work... I live in a whole different state and the CVS's that needed help were well over an hour away. I did this a couple of times, but it just wasn't worth it because of gas. For every store I was asked to go to, I would give it to my other coworker who was hired around the same time I was because he was only getting six hours a week!
With the hour cuts and the threats, my partner and I decided it just wasn't worth it for me to work there anymore. I miss my coworkers and my customers, but I have no desire to associate with that store anymore. I didn't even put a two weeks notice in, I just quit over text.
I didn't want to air my dirty laundry out, but does anyone else have similar experiences with CVS? Do you think I'm still able to go to HR about the threats, or is it not even worth it since I'm no longer an employee?
I'll answer any asked questions too. :)
submitted by toxicbitcx to CVS [link] [comments]

2023.05.29 22:43 voidfor_lacroix Hot jj’s, just in time for summer…

Hot jj’s, just in time for summer… submitted by voidfor_lacroix to Purdue [link] [comments]